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Butler Act

Page history last edited by PBworks 16 years, 4 months ago

The Butler act was presented to the commitee of education in January 21 1925. The butler act was put in place to keep teachers in arkansas from teaching science that is cotradictory to what is said in the bible. http://www.ronaldbrucemeyer.com/rants/0322almanac.htm

 

It additionally said that an offending teacher would be guilty of a misdemeanor and fined between $100 and $500 for each offense.

 

House had already voted on the bill, the committee recommended rejection of the other bill by a vote of 5 to 4 and it was not until March 10 that the Senate committee recommended 7-4 for the Butler Act to be passed. On March 13 the Tennessee Senate debated the Butler Act. One senator started to mock the bill by attaching an amendment to also "prohibit the teaching that the earth is round," but was ruled out of order by the speaker. The Butler bill was passed by the Senate 24 to 6, with one senator "present and not voting."

 

The law remained until 1967, when a dismissed teacher complained that it violated his First Amendment right to free speech. Tennesee repleaed the law.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butler_Act

 

 

http://www.msu.edu/course/mc/112/1920s/Scopes/bestminds.jpg (link to pic)

 

The law was challenged by the ACLU in the famed Scopes trial, in which John Scopes, a High School sports coach who occasionally acted as a substitute teacher, agreed to be arrested on a charge of having taught evolution, and was nominally served a warrant on May 5, 1925. Scopes was indicted on May 25 and ultimately convicted.

 

Despite this decision, the Tennessee Supreme Court reversed the conviction on a technicality (that the jury should have fixed the amount of the fine), and the case was not retried.

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butler_Act

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